Management Turnover as Change Agent

Wednesday, March 4, 2015

February saw a number of surprising changes in executive turnover as tracked by Liberum Research.  Unlike previous months, Liberum registered declines in all four key categories, CEOs, CFOs, All C-level, and Board of Directors.  We have not seen this level of a drop since the financial crisis back in 2008. A precipitous drop of this kind could present a problem for the North American Economy if it continues for a number of months.  Liberum believes the drop is an outlier and will not continue as we move into the early spring.  It is likely some of the drop might even be attributed to the severe winter weather in the U.S. Northeast.  Liberum Research remains positive overall about the North American economies, particularly the United States.  Earlier today, ADP released its February Private Employment  Report.  The numbers, while not reaching most analysts expectations, were far better than the executive turnover numbers for February from Liberum Research. 


Private sector employment increased by 212,000 jobs from Januaryto February according to the February ADP National Employment Report.

"While February’s job gains came in slightly lower than recent months, the trend of solid growth above 200,000 jobs per month continued,” said Carlos Rodriguez, president and chief executive officer of ADP. “What is also encouraging is that job gains are broad-based across all key industries.”

Mark Zandi, chief economist of Moody’s Analytics, said, “Job growth is strong, but slowing from the torrid pace of recent months. Job gains remain broad-based, although the collapse in oil prices has begun to weigh on energy-related employment. At the current pace of growth, the economy will return to full employment by mid-2016.” 
Liberum expects the U.S. Government's employment numbers expected for release this Friday, March 6 will be lower than expected by most analysts but will still show overall employment growth for another month.

Liberum Comparison Breakdown of Key January Executive Turnover Figures

Below is a breakdown of Liberum's key executive category percentage changes for February 2015 compared with February a year earlier and the previous month of January 2015.   For the first time in a few years we saw declines in all four key categories measured. 

February 2014 Compared to February 2015
  • For February 2015 declines in turnover occured in all four key categories.  CEO changes declined 11% from February a year earlier, CFO changes declined 27%, C-level changes declined 6%, and board of director changes declined 7%.  
January 2015 Compared to February 2015
  • The month to month changes in executive turnover also showed major declines in all four key categories. CEO changes declined 22%, CFO changes declined  a huge 47%, C-level changes declined 19% and board of director changes declined 11%.      
Below are the overall turnover totals for February 2015.  The information is just illustrative of how institutional investors could view executive turnover and its possible relationship with a company's performance.  Using Liberum's database could offer a totally new perspective on investment and is a potential way to come up with unique special situation opportunities.  Executive search firms on the other hand can use the information to generate new leads and new clients.   

Call now (212-988-5497) or email richard@twst.com and get a no obligation one week trial to Liberum's online management change database. Find out why Hedge Funds, Executive Search, Business Intelligence and Consulting firms all rely on Liberum's data.

KEY CEO CHANGES - FEBRUARY 2015
34 COMPANIES WITH CEO CHANGES WORTH RE-EXAMINING 
According to Liberum's Management Change Database, a total of 150 CEO related changes occurred during February 2015. Here are 34 from the time period that caught my eye.   By significant, I'm looking for situations where I think a particularly strong or weak choice has been made - given the apparent current state of the company - or where there is an interesting special situation. (Anyone using Liberum's database could do the same kind of analysis for other key titles, e.g., CFOs, COOs, CMOs Presidents, etc.)

DATE  COMPANY TICKER  EXCHANGE  MARKET CAP $ MILLIONS    
02-02 Ally Financial In  ALLY   NYSE  9155
02-02 Bio Blast Pharma  ORPN  NASDAQ  103
02-03 Greenhouse Soluti  GRSU  OTC  41
02-03 McDonald's Corporation   MCD  NYSE  91812
02-04 Caesars Entertain  CZR NASDAQ  1630
02-04 Dupont Fabros Tec  DFT  NYSE  2413
02-04 Grieg Seafood  GRGSF OTC  425
02-04 Lands' End, Inc.  LE  NASDAQ  1192
02-04 Petroleo Brasilei  PBR  NYSE  46373
02-05 Bioadaptives Inc  BDPT  OTC  14
02-05 Clearsign Combust  CLIR  NASDAQ  70
02-05 Gran Tierra Energy, Inc.  GTE  NYSE  767
02-05 Vgtel, Inc.  VGTL  OTC  537
02-06 Chc Group Ltd. Or  HELI  NYSE 174
02-06 Citizens & Northe  CZNC  NASDAQ  238
02-06 I E C Electronics  IEC  NYSE  43
02-06 Pitooey!, Inc. OTC  PTOO
02-09 Eurosite Power  OTC  EUSP
02-09 Star Gold Corp  0TC  SRGZ
02-10 Neurokine Pharm  NEUKF  OTC
02-11 Independent Film  OTC  IFLM
02-11 Tag Oil Ltd  TAO TORONTO  101
02-12 Bombardier Inc Cl  BDRBF  OTC
02-12 Career Education Corp. CECO  NASDAQ  370
02-13 ConAgra Foods, Inc.  CAG  NASDAQ  14771
02-16 sanofi-aventis (ADR)  SNY  NYSE
02-16 Starwood Hotels & Resorts, Inc  HOT  NYSE  13990
02-17 Transocean Inc.  RIG  NYSE  6162
02-17 Xg Technology, In  XGTI  NASDAQ  12
02-18 Us Precious Metal  USPR  OTC  22
02-23 Darden Restaurants, Inc.  DRI  NYSE  7881
02-23 DISH Network Corporation  DISH  NASDAQ  36021
02-23 Honda Motor Compa  HMC  NYSE  60070
02-25 Iteris Inc.  ITI  NYSE  56

FEBRUARY 2015 MANAGEMENT CHANGE STATISTICS
C-LEVEL MANAGEMENT CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 1194

TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS
> Drugs/Biotech - 109
> Energy- 82
> Banking - 80



















FEBRUARY 2015 CEO CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 150

TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS
> Drugs/Biotech - 15
> Food - 10
> Metals/Mining - 10
> Real Estate - 9
> Telecommunications - 9 


















FEBRUARY 2015 CFO CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 119

TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS
> Consumer Products - 11
> Business Services - 10
> Drugs/Biotech - 9
> Retail - 9

















FEBRUARY 2015 BOARD OF DIRECTOR CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 413

TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS
> Drugs/Biotech - 47
> Banking - 29
> Energy - 27
> Manufacturing - 27




















Investors need to diligently monitor key management changes. Certain management changes should be viewed as a "special situation" that can have a direct and major impact on a company's performance and share price.
  • New CEOs know more than the market about the company.  Their decision to take the position contains information.  Likewise the departing CEO. 
  • Likewise departing CFOs New CEOs will bring new skills and often-times a new direction.  This is normally significant, and worth analyzing.
Liberum Research, the independent research firm focused on corporate management change, has developed an online relational database designed to assist institutional investors develop special situation investment ideas related to executive management change. While special situation investing traditionally revolves around corporate restructuring, spin-offs and acquisitions, executive management changes, depending on the circumstances, can represent a short or long-term investment opportunity. 

Liberum's 10 year old database offers institutional investors the ability to examine: 
  • an individual company, 
  • sector/s, 
  • corporate titles
  • group of companies, 
  • and/or geographic region/s/ locations via a metric of one's own choosing.  
  • you can use the information individually or in combination with a number of other financial tools to develop unique investment ideas. 
Subscribers often take the service as an electronic feed rather than as an online service. Through the use of Liberum's electronic feed, investment firms have the ability to integrate Liberum's management change data with a variety of other feeds and data applications which when combined, could be used as a sophisticated method for developing potential short and long-term investment ideas.  Liberum's database whether used as an online tool, an electronic feed or as a means to receive customized reports is broken down into a number of highly specific fields that afford a user the ability to search and manipulate data.  


ABOUT LIBERUM

The largest database of C-level executive change at public companies.  Frequently quoted in the financial press, Liberum helps investors monitor this important, continuous stream of investment events.  The data is also useful for investment bankers, private equity, executive search and consulting firms.  The data can be used in numerous ways. Daily customizable alerts, a searchable database, custom reports, xml feeds.   Liberum clients get the data the way they can best exploit it. 

Wednesday, February 11, 2015

January Executive Turnover Points Upward for The Economy

Liberum Research remains very positive about the North American economies, particularly the United States.  As we have seen for the last two years, overall executive turnover has continued to trend upward with various bumps.  The same has been true for overall job growth which has also been trending upward.  Better yet, monthly unemployment claims have, with some exceptions, continued to trend downward, a further positive note. Liberum remains quite positive on continuing executive turnover as we move into the later winter and early spring months.  The European economies, however, remain a special caveat and could present real risks to our prediction  The continuing risks in Greece and growing possibility of deflation throughout the European Community could present a serious problem for world growth if these problems are not properly tackled.  Last week the employment numbers released from the U.S. Government for the month of January and the numbers released from ADP's January Employment Report both dovetailed with Liberum's positive figures.


Private sector employment increased by 213,000 jobs from December to January.

"January marks another month of solid job gains and is in line with the NER’s twelve-month average of over 200,000 jobs added per month,” said Carlos Rodriguez, president and chief executive officer of ADP.

Mark Zandi, chief economist of Moody’s Analytics, said, “Employment posted another solid gain inJanuary, although the pace of growth is slower than in recent months. Businesses in the energy and supplying industries are already scaling back payrolls in reaction to the collapse in oil prices, while industries benefiting from the lower prices have been slower to increase their hiring. All indications are that the job market will continue to improve in 2015.” 
Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 257,000 in January, and the unemployment rate
was little changed at 5.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Job gains occurred in retail trade, construction, health care, financial activities,
and manufacturing.
 
 
Liberum Comparison Breakdown of Key January Executive Turnover Figures

Below is a breakdown of Liberum's key executive category percentage changes for January 2015 compared with January a year earlier and the previous month of December 2014.   
 
January 2014 Compared to January 2015
  • For January 2015 increases in turnover occured in three out of four key categories.  CEO changes declined 4% from January a year earlier, CFO changes increased 14%, C-level changes increased 2%, and board of director changes increased 14%.  
December 2014 Compared to January 2015
  • The month to month changes in executive turnover, December 2014 to January 2015, however, were not nearly as positive.  CEO changes declined 15%, CFO changes increased 21%, C-level changes increased 2% and board of director changes declined 10%.      
Below are the overall turnover totals for January 2015.  The information is just illustrative of how institutional investors could view executive turnover and its possible relationship with a company's performance.  Using Liberum's database could offer a totally new perspective on investment and is a potential way to come up with unique special situation opportunities.  Executive search firms on the other hand can use the information to generate new leads and new clients.   

Call now (212-988-5497) or email richard@twst.com and get a no obligation one week trial to Liberum's online management change database. Find out why Hedge Funds, Executive Search, Business Intelligence and Consulting firms all rely on Liberum's data.
 
KEY CEO CHANGES - JANUARY 2015
41 COMPANIES WITH CEO CHANGES WORTH RE-EXAMINING 
According to Liberum's Management Change Database, a total of 192 CEO related changes occurred during January 2015. Here are 41 from the time period that caught my eye.   By significant, I'm looking for situations where I think a particularly strong or weak choice has been made - given the apparent current state of the company - or where there is an interesting special situation. (Anyone using Liberum's database could do the same kind of analysis for other key titles, e.g., CFOs, COOs, CMOs Presidents, etc.)

DATE  COMPANY TICKER  EXCHANGE  MARKET CAP $ MILLIONS    
01-02 Developers Diversified Realty Corp.  DDR  NYSE  6659
01-05 Covanta Holding Corporation   CVA  NYSE  2821
01-05 Neostem, Inc.  NBS  NASDAQ  125
01-05 Nephros Inc.  NEPH  OTC   24
01-05 Northrim BanCorp, Inc. NRIM  NASDAQ  159
01-05 Ocean Power Tech OPTT  NASDAQ  12
01-05 Salix Pharmaceuticals, Ltd.  SLXP  NASDAQ  7579
01-05 Ultra Clean Holdings, Inc.  UCTT  NASDAQ  282
01-08 Kalobios Pharmace  KBIO  NASDAQ  16
01-09 Norwegian Cruise NCLH  NASDAQ  9212
01-12 Getinge -B-  GETIB SWEDEN
01-12 Halitron, Inc  HAON  OTC  599
01-12 Morrison Supermkt   MRW  LONDON  43
01-13 Boomerang Systems  BMER  OTC  17
01-13 Sevion Therapeuti SVON  OTC  7
01-13 The Fresh Market  TFM  NASDAQ 1805
01-14 Licont Corp  LNTP  OTC  8
01-15 Dice Holdings, In  DHX  NYSE  512
01-16 Integrated Electrical Services, Inc.  IESC  NASDAQ  159
01-16 Las Vegas Sands Corp.  LVS  NYSE  44080
01-16 T Bird Pharma Inc   TPI CANADA VANCOUVER  20
01-16 The Home Depot, Inc.  HD  NYSE  137200
01-20 Apache Corporation  APA  NYSE  22649
01-20 Outerwall Inc.   OUTR  NASDAQ  1134
01-20 Santa Fe Petroleum, Inc.  SFPI  OTC  269
01-21 American Mortgage Acceptance Company  AMC  NASDAQ  2700
01-21 Forward Industries, Inc.  FORD  NASDAQ  8
01-21 Innovative Food H  IVFH  OTC  35
01-21 MER Telemanagement Solutions Ltd.  MTSL  NASDAQ  4
01-21 Tootsie Roll Indu  TR  NYSE  2042
01-22 Invacare Corporation  IVC  NYSE  482
01-22 Kinder Morgan, Inc.  KMI  NYSE  43268
01-22 Peabody Energy Corporation  BTU  NYSE  1827
01-23 ATLANTIC POWER CORP  AT  NYSE  330
01-23 Bristol Myers Squibb Co.  BMY  NYSE  102800
01-23 Joe's Jeans Inc.  JOEZ  NASDAQ  25
01-24 Sears Canada Inc  SCC  TORONTO  1188
01-26 Adaptive Medias   ADTM  OTC
01-26 Glyeco Inc.  GLYE  OTC
01-26 Mattel, Inc.  MAT  NASDAQ  8982
01-27 McDonald's Corporation   MCD  NYSE  86401
 
JANUARY 2015 MANAGEMENT CHANGE STATISTICS
C-LEVEL MANAGEMENT CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 1479
TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS
> Drugs/Biotech - 183> Banking - 127
> Business Services - 98

JANUARY 2015 CEO CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 192
TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS
> Drugs/Biotech - 32
> Energy - 15> Manufacturing - 10

JANUARY 2015 CFO CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 224
TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS
> Drugs/Biotech - 23
> Banking - 17
> Software - 12

JANUARY 2015 BOARD OF DIRECTOR CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 466
TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS
> Drugs/Biotech - 76
> Energy - 48
> Banking - 36

Investors need to diligently monitor key management changes. Certain management changes should be viewed as a "special situation" that can have a direct and major impact on a company's performance and share price.
  • New CEOs know more than the market about the company.  Their decision to take the position contains information.  Likewise the departing CEO. 
  • Likewise departing CFOs New CEOs will bring new skills and often-times a new direction.  This is normally significant, and worth analyzing.
Liberum Research, the independent research firm focused on corporate management change, has developed an online relational database designed to assist institutional investors develop special situation investment ideas related to executive management change. While special situation investing traditionally revolves around corporate restructuring, spin-offs and acquisitions, executive management changes, depending on the circumstances, can represent a short or long-term investment opportunity. 

Tuesday, January 6, 2015

Annual and Quarterly Executive Turnover Point to Continued Economic Growth

Who would have thought, but for the first time in many years, it's the American Economy that is getting all the positive attention.  Some of the positive change is related to the precipitous fall in oil prices but more of it relates to improved ecoonomic policies and the ability of the American economy to adapt.  Liberum Research has been predicting positive news for the American Economy over the last two years.  Most of our predictions have been primarily based on the overall growth trend in executive turnover and the slowly improving employment situation. The latest executive turnover numbers, while not fabulous, continue to support positive growth for the American Economy.  The economy is still faced with serious employment problems, particularly for the long term unemployed, and a continuing drag in salary increases for the majority of the working population.  Increases in executive turnover, which Liberum Research sees as an important economic indicator, have remained on a constant positive trend.  Liberum expects executive turnover to continue in a positive direction as we move through the new year.

Liberum has put together below, a seven year quarterly breakdown of executive turnover totals for CEOs, CFOs and C-level executives covering North America. Most of the below quarterly numbers showed continuing declines until the second quarter of 2011.  At that point, the numbers began to reverse themselves.  Turnover at the executive levels of corporate America began to grow while not consistently and that trend has continued and is expected to be about the same for all of 2015.

Anyone investing in the market must pay special attention to executive turnover both at the top and the middle executive ranks.  Failure to do so, will result in lost opportunities or worse. To take advantage of executive changes, get a free trial to Liberum's Online Management Change Database.  Just call Richard at 212-988-5497 or send an email to richard@twst.com requesting your free trial.  Within a day of your trial, you will have access to over 200,000 data points from which you can generate ideas and daily information on who is changing jobs at the top and where they are going.
Below is a simple table outlining the quarterly and annual turnover totals as registered through Liberum Research's Management Change Database for 2008 through 2014 for CEOs, CFOs and overall C-level turnover.  

 Total CEO Turnover Comparisons   
                        
 Year 2008    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014   
1st Quarter 745491 388346 680 583 500 
 2nd Quarter596 380321 581665 619 527
 3rd Quarter533409298713 636 627 557
 4th Quarter461430328697 673 636651
 Annual Total2,3351,7101,3352,337 2,6542,465 2,235





 Total CFO Turnover Comparisons 
                 
 Year 2008    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014   
1st Quarter 593 332 296 280 640 495  468
 2nd Quarter551 326 273 404612 557   595 
 3rd Quarter438 279 256629 598582  550
 4th Quarter364 313  258   476569562 586 
 Annual Total1,9461,250 1,0831,789 2,4192,196 2,199




 Total C-level Turnover Comparisons
 Year 2008    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013  2014   
1st Quarter 6735 4061 34532863 5442 3971 4083 
 2nd Quarter7430 5051 3199 404150364102 4117 
 3rd Quarter4865 3690 25225349 423541233950 
 4th Quarter4277 3439  2381   4596 419741964200 
 Annual Total23,307 16,241 11,55516,849 18,91016,392 16,350




The latest monthly comparison figures with regard to executive turnover for December 2014 as compared with those of December 2013 and December 2014 and November 2014 are as follows:  
  • CEO turnover for December 2014 showed no change from that of December 2013, CFO turnover increased 2%, C-level turnover increased just 1% and Board of Director turnover declined 4%.  
  • The the month to month change from November 2014 to December 2014 overall was somewhat more positive. CEO turnover increased 7% for CEOs, declined 12% for CFOs, increased 10% with regard to C-level changes and increased 35% for Board of Director changes.  
In the below report, Liberum has focused on 52 CEO changes of special significance for the month of December out of a total of 226. We have also put together the overall turnover figures for the month of December 2014.  The below information is just illustrative of how investors could view executive turnover and its possible relationship with a company's performance. The same could be done for COOs, Presidents, Chairmans, etc., just through Liberum's Management Change Database.

DATE       COMPANY   TICKER    EXCHANGE   MARKET CAP $ MILLIONS
12-01 Bison Instruments  BSOI  OTC  67
12-01 Idera Pharmaceuti  IDRA  NASDAQ  349
12-01 Legg Mason, Inc.  LM  NYSE  6292
12-01 Millcom Swed Dep  MICCF  8500
12-01 Pope Resources  POPE  NASDAQ  280
12-01 Pulse Electronics  PULS  OTC
12-02 Allied Minds  ALM   LONDON  7
12-02 Loews Corporation  L  NYSE  15433
12-03 Digi International Inc.  DGII  NASDAQ  185
12-04 Carbonite, Inc.  CARB  NASDAQ  383
12-04 New Jersey Mining  NJMC  NYSE  7
12-05 Arctic Cat, Inc.  ACAT  NASDAQ  430
12-05 Areva - Societe  ARVCF  OTC   4531
12-05 Bay Bancorp, Inc.  BYBK  NASDAQ  48
12-05 Francesca's Holdi  FRAN  NASDAQ  638
12-05 South Jersey Industries  SJI  NYSE  1968
12-05 Stanley Black & Decker, Inc.  SWK  NYSE  14970
12-05 Warren Resources, Inc.  WRES  NASDAQ  122
12-08 Innocoll Ag  INNL  NASDAQ  137
12-09 Abercrombie & Fitch Co.  ANF  NYSE  1961
12-10 G. Willi-Food International Limited  WILC  NASDAQ 93
12-10 Layne Christensen Company  LAYN  NASDAQ  157
12-10 Seaworld Entertai  SEAS  NYSE
12-10 Walgreen Company  WAG  70595
12-11 C T I Group   CTIG  OTC  11
12-12 Midway Gold Corpo MDW  NYSE  124
12-15 Bob Evans Farms, Inc.  BOBE  NASDAQ 1243
12-15 Crocs, Inc.  CROX  NASDAQ 1050
12-15 Lyondellbasell In  LYB  NYSE 41055
12-15 Spark Networks plc (ADR)  LOV  NYSE 86
12-16 Medbook World Inc MBOO  OTC
12-16 Sms Management  SMSUF  OTC  194
12-17 American Apparel, Inc.  APP  NYSE  128
12-17 Ampco-Pittsburgh  AP  NYSE   180
12-17 Crimson Wine  CWGL  OTC  231
12-17 Hudsons Bay  HBAYF  TORONTO  3746
12-17 New Peoples Banks  NWPP  OTC  29
12-17 Par Petroleum Corporation  PARR  NYSE 589
12-18 Avix Technologies  AVIX  OTC  719
12-18 Sierra Bancorp  BSRR  NASDAQ  240
12-19 Blue Ridge Banksh  BRBS  OTC   20
12-19 Bonanza Gold Corp BNZA  OTC  4
12-19 Huntsworth  HNT  LONDON
12-19 SupportSoft, Inc.  SPPR  NASDAQ  11
12-19 Table Trac Inc  TBTC  OTC  4
12-19 Tesco Corp  TESO  NASDAQ  539
12-22 Orca Gold  CANWF  OTC  30
12-23 Comtech Telecomm. Corp  CMTL  NASDAQ  530
12-23 Echo Therapeutics  ECTE  NASDAQ  19
12-23 Redux Holdings In  RDXH  OTC  205
12-23 Supernova Energy  SPRN  OTC  2
12-24 Takata Corp Unsp  TKTDY  OTC  922

DECEMBER 2014 MANAGEMENT CHANGE STATISTICS
C-LEVEL MANAGEMENT CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 1457
TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS
> Drugs/Biotech 
- 148
> Energy  -119
> Banking - 97
DECEMBER 2014 CEO CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 226
TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS

> Energy - 14
> Drugs/Biotech - 12
> Banking -10
> Consumer Products - 10
> Metals/Mining - 10
DECEMBER 2014 CFO CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 185
TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS

> Drugs/Biotech - 17
> Metals/Mining - 13
> Computer - 10
DECEMBER 2014 BOARD OF DIRECTOR CHANGE STATISTICS
GRAND TOTAL - 517
TOP INDUSTRY SECTORS

> Drugs/Biotech - 68
> Energy - 49
> Banking - 33
Investors need to diligently monitor key management changes. Certain management changes should be viewed as a "special situation" that can have a direct and major impact on a company's performance and share price.
  • New CEOs know more than the market about the company.  Their decision to take the position contains information. Likewise the departing CEO. Likewise departing CFOs.
  • New CEOs will bring new skills and often-times a new direction.  This is normally significant, and worth analyzing.
Liberum Research, the independent research firm focused on corporate management change, has developed an online relational database designed to assist institutional investors develop special situation investment ideas related to executive management change. While special situation investing traditionally revolves around corporate restructuring, spin-offs and acquisitions, executive management changes, depending on the circumstances, can represent a short or long-term investment opportunity. 
Liberum's over ten year old database offers institutional investors the ability to examine an individual company, sector/s, group of companies, and/or geographic region/s/ locations via a metric of one's own choosing.  You can use the information individually or in combination with a number of other financial tools to develop unique investment ideas.  

ABOUT LIBERUM
The largest database of C-level executive change at public companies.  Frequently quoted in the financial press, Liberum helps investors monitor this important, continuous stream of investment events.  The data is also useful for investment bankers, private equity, executive search and consulting firms.  The data can be used in numerous ways.